Caligae were Roman shoes which were made of leather with metal studs in the soles to make them hardwearing. (The Emperor Caligulas name meant Little Boots)
– Each legion had skilled leather workers to repair shoes when they wore out.
  – In colder countries Roman soldiers wore socks or closed boots.
  – Roman soldiers were trained to march up to 30 miles a day – in full armour and carrying kit weighing 35 kgs so they needed hardwearing shoes.

Thanks to Lesley Mosely for content, Rob Mosely for advice and Joe Mosely for photographs.