Please excuse me for not posting these shots with the original blog – but time has only just permitted.

The interpretation seen on the accompanying cabinet notes is, in my opinion, quite wayward. Horses were rarely used for haulage in the Roman world for two very good reasons. Firstly, horses were far too expensive to be put to this work, and were mainly used in a combat or message carrying role. Secondly, a halter suitable for horses to be able to pull heavy loads had not yet been developed. Ploughing and haulage were done using oxen at this time. Mules were also routinely used by the Roman army to transport such  heavy items as camp equipment, millstones and artillery. NOT horses.               Rob

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